Nail fungus is the cause of 50% of all nail problems. Toenails are easier to be infected than fingernails. Here are the typical types of nail fungus:
Distal Subungual Onychomycosis
This is the most common type of nail fungus infection.
It is usually caused by T. Rubrum, that invades the nail bed from the tips of nails and spreads through the nail backwards to the cuticle. This fungus can be limited to one side of the nail bed or it may progress and spread throughout the entire nail. Early stages of the infection is characterized by nail color change, most commonly into dark green or a yellow color. Later stage of the infection will result in thickened toenails that can cause pain.
White superficial nail fungus
Common nail fungus infection that accounts about 10% of the diagnosed onychomycosis cases. This nail fungus infection works directly on the nail matrix, forming white patches on the nail surface. This type of nail fungus is usually painless.
This is a rare nail fungal infection, which is caused by yeast (Candida albicans). The fungus invades the fingernails, rather than toenails. Candidal onychomycosis can also be a sign of a compromised immune system.
Proximal subungual onychomycosis
The least common infection of nail fungus. This nail fungus is seldom found in the healthy people, but is common with people who are immunocompromised, such as those infected with HIV, cancer, or diabetes. Therefore patients with this nail fungus injection should take it as a warning sign of a more serious underlying disease.
If you suspect that you are infected with any type of nail fungus above, visit our clinic for a free consultation and laser nail fungus treatment.